What is infertility
Let's start with the scientific definition. Infertility is the lack of fertility in women (female infertility), and men (male infertility). Some more statistics. In the first year of marriage, pregnancy occurs in 80-90% of women; the absence of pregnancy after 3 years of marriage indicates that the odds of its occurrence are reduced each year. Marriage is considered infertile if pregnancy does not occur for more than two years of sexual activity without the use of contraceptives. Female infertility is observed in 60% of cases, male 40%. Female infertility can be absolute and relative. Infertility is considered absolute if a woman's body are profound irreversible pathological changes, eliminates the possibility of conception (absence of the uterus, fallopian tubes and ovaries). Infertility is considered a relative, if the cause of it can be eliminated. This separation of infertility can be considered to some extent arbitrary, since some forms previously considered absolute, now in connection with the possibility of in vitro fertilization have become relative. Furthermore, sterility is divided into primary and secondary. If women who are sexually active, have never been pregnant, they talk about primary infertility. Secondary infertility is the lack of conception after pregnancy had in the past. If conception occurs, but for some reason not to continue wearing the pregnancy and marriage remains childless, talking about a form of infertility - miscarriage.
KEY forms of infertility
A woman can become infertile for many reasons, for example because of infectious inflammatory diseases of genitals, have passed into the chronic phase of hormonal imbalance or blockage of the fallopian tubes, where adhesions do not allow the egg to reach the uterus and fertilized normally. Female body may also develop antibodies to the sperm of the partner, making the sperm inactive. In this case, called immunological infertility. In our book, we look at the most common reproductive disorders in women. Possession of such information will help you better prepare for the consultation of medical experts.
Thus, the leading causes of infertility are:
Tuboperitoneal factor (violation of patency of the fallopian tubes); Endocrine disorders; Endometriosis; Male factor; Anatomical abnormalities (imperforate uterus, the absence of the uterus); Immunological disorders. In 15-20% of cases there is infertility of unknown origin.
Treatment of infertility in women
Treatment of infertility in women starts with the removal of the primary causes of disease. At the same time restoring the reproductive functions of the body of the patient can be carried out using both conservative and surgical methods. In particular, the standard treatment regimen could include: correction of hormonal disorders; normalization of weight; restoring patency of the fallopian tubes through laparoscopic surgery; reconstructive and plastic surgery; endometriosis laparoscopy artificial insemination. The most difficult problem is the treatment of infertility of unknown origin. Most often in such situations, doctors recommend patients to use reproductive technologies (hold intrauterine insemination, IVF and others.). It is important to understand that the self does not help solve the problem of infertility, and often substantially complicates the course of the disease. That is why the conduct of any measures aimed at restoring the reproductive functions of the female body, must be approved by a specialist experienced in this field.
Treatment of infertility in men
Basic methods for treating male infertility are classified into two groups: techniques aimed at restoring male fertility; methods of artificial insemination. The first group includes: surgery (surgical treatment of varicocele, obstruction of the seminal ducts, and others.) correction of hormonal disruption; Physiotherapy (phonophoresis with drugs, electrophoresis, laser treatment); treatment of sexual dysfunction; control of infectious diseases of the genitourinary system (including STD); elimination of other factors contributing to the development of infertility (abstinence from alcohol, from working in hazardous conditions, the fight against obesity, and others.). In the absence of the effect of the treatment of male infertility recommended the couple use modern reproductive technologies. The most popular and effective methods of artificial insemination are: ECO; intracellular sperm injection (ICSI); intrauterine insemination (IISM, IISD), and others. The use of artificial reproductive technology does not solve the problems related to the disruption of the reproductive system in men, but it allows the spouses already desperate to know the long-awaited joy of motherhood and fatherhood. We Genesis fertility research center offer you a visit our clinic where in a cozy atmosphere, you can get detailed information about our Infertility Treatments, as well as the answers to all your questions. We provide advice on all matters relating to infertility problems. We are always glad to help you !